Tutankhamun is the owner of the most famous pharaonic tomb, and the owner of the world’s most famous and most valuable golden mask, which amazed the world with the beauty and accuracy of its design.
An overview of the boy king
Tutankhamun is one of the kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty, the son of King Akhenaten, who was known for introducing the monotheism of the god Aten so that the boy king himself was called “Tutankhaten”, but immediately after the death of his father and after taking control of the country, he brought back the worship of the gods, headed by “Amun,” changed his name to “Tutankhamun”, and changed the capital and seat of government from “Akhenaten” to “Thebes.”
This boy king was not famous for his accomplishments like other pharaoh kings, as he assumed power at a young age, and died at the age of nineteen, by analyzing his DNA, it was known that he died because of several diseases, including malaria. Due to his young age and short reign, he did not have the privilege of having his achievements or deeds as a reason for his fame among the kings of the Pharaohs, but he gained this fame thanks to the discovery of his tomb No. (KV62) in the Valley of the Kings by “Howard Carter”.
The tomb of “Tutankhamun” was known as the most important Egyptian pharaonic tomb, as it was discovered before any thief’s hand reached it, it was found with all its possessions, which number approximately 5,000 artifacts, all of which belonged to the little pharaoh, and some of which he used in his daily life, among the most important of these precious holdings is the golden mask that amazed the world and became an archaeological icon that the world talks about.
The golden mask of Tutankhamun
This golden mask, which won the admiration of the world and amazed everyone, was made of pure gold with great precision, it also consisted of two layers that they connected together by hammering. The weight of this amazing mask is about 11 kg, and its height reaches 54 cm, its amazing eyes are made of stone Obsidian and quartz, its eyelids and eyebrows are decorated with lapis lazuli, its necklace is decorated with precious and semi-precious stones arranged in 12 rows, and its head cover appears with a symbol bearing the image of a cobra snake with the image of an eagle, “as a symbol of his rule and control over Upper and Lower Egypt. For the back of the mask, a magic spell derived from the Book of the Dead was engraved in hieroglyphics (the language used by the ancient Egyptians) longitudinally, as according to the ancient belief, this book and its spells are responsible for securing the journey of the dead to the afterlife (resurrection), or in other words, to help them cross into another life.
There were some doubts that this mask belonged to King Tutankhamun, so some thought that it might have been made for Queen Nefertiti (Akhenaten’s wife) and this suspicion was due to the reason that the mask was designed for a person wearing earrings, but these doubts were denied since at that time wearing earrings was not limited to women only, and indeed, the mask belonged to the boy king, Tutankhamun, which is kept in the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir and will be transferred for display in the Grand Egyptian Museum.